Dating ultrasound measurements
Determining the Date of Conception Because the human egg is capable of fertilization for only 12 to 24 hours after ovulation the date of ovulation may be taken as being the date of conception. However, ultrasound determination of the date of ovulation has the same imprecision as does the ultrasound estimate of the gestational age and, therefore, a precise date of conception cannot usually be determined as with in vitro fertilization.
Berghella V, et al., Does transvaginal sonographic measurement of cervical length before 14 weeks predict preterm delivery in high-risk pregnancies? In addition, although a woman is most likely to become pregnant if she has sex on the day of ovulation conception may also occur from live sperm still in her reproductive tract on the day of ovulation if she had sex for up to five days before ovulation [26,27]. Determining the Estimated Due Date The estimated due date (EDD or EDC) is the date that spontaneous onset of labor is expected to occur. Conceptional age, menstrual age, and ultrasound age: a second-trimester comparison of pregnancies of known conception date with pregnancies dated from the last menstrual period. The gestational age would, therefore, be at least 3 to 4 weeks at the time of a reliable h CG pregnancy test. Twins When a twin pregnancy is the result of in vitro fertilization determination of gestational age should be made from the date of embryo transfer. Clinical management guidelines for obstetricians-gynecologists. Number 55, September 2004 (replaces practice pattern number 6, October 1997).